Xinying Cai

Xinying Cai
Assistant Professor of Neural and Cognitive Sciences, NYU Shanghai; Global Network Assistant Professor, NYU
Office Phone
+86 (21) 20595157

Xinying Cai is an Assistant Professor of Neural and Cognitive Sciences, NYU Shanghai; Global Network Professor, NYU. He is also a core faculty at the NYU-ECNU Institute of Brain and Cognitive Science at NYU Shanghai and an associate at the Center for Neural Science at NYU’s campus in New York City. He is a member of the Institute for the Interdisciplinary Study of Decision Making (IISDM). He holds a PhD from Arizona State University and a BS from Zhejiang University. Professor Cai’s current research focuses on elucidating the neural underpinnings of economic decision making (Neuroeconomics). His work has appeared in leading scientific journals such as Science, Nature Neuroscience, Neuron and Journal of Neuroscience.​ Cai was the recipient of the Excellence in Neural Engineering Award at the Second Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) International Conference on Neural Engineering.

Research Interests

  • Neural Mechanisms of Economic Decision-making
  • Neuropsychiatry of the Prefrontal Basal Ganglia Pathways


Select Publications

  • Murray JD, Bernacchia A, Freedman DJ, Romo R, Wallis JD, Cai X, Padoa-Schioppa C, Pasternak T, Seo H, Lee D, Wang XJ (2014) A hierarchy of intrinsic timescales across primate cortex. Nature Neuroscience. Published online 10 November 2014. DOI:10.1038/nn.3862
  • Hyojung Seo, Xinying Cai, Christopher H. Donahue, and Daeyeol Lee (2014) Neural correlates of strategic reasoning during competitive games. Vol. 346 no. 6207 pp. 340-343. DOI:10.1126/Science.1256254
  • Cai X and Padoa-Schioppa C. (2014) Contributions of orbitofrontal and lateral prefrontal cortices to economic choice and good-to-action transformation. Neuron 81:1–12. DOI: 10.1016/j.neuron.2014.01.008
  • Cai X and Padoa-Schioppa C. (2012) Neuronal encoding of subjective value in dorsal and ventral anterior cingulate cortex. Journal of Neuroscience. 32, 3791-3808. DOI:10.1523/JNEUROSCI.3864-11.2012
  • Padoa-Schioppa C and Cai X. (2011) Orbitofrontal cortex and the computation of subjective value: consolidated concepts and new perspectives. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences. 1239(1):130-7. DOI: 10.1111/j.1749-6632.2011.06262.x.
  • Cai X, Kim S, Lee D. (2011) Heterogeneous coding of temporally discounted values in the dorsal and ventral striatum during intertemporal choice. Neuron 69:170–82. DOI: 10.1016/j.neuron.2010.11.041.



  • PhD, Bioengineering
    Arizona State University